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GMP车间净化公司如何建立食品厂净化?

来源:http://www.henganjh.cn │ 发表时间:2019-08-09 

  1. 卫生要求
  1. Health requirements
  1. 厂区周围无畜牧场、屠宰厂、畜禽交易场所、医院垃圾处理场、污水处理站、污水渠等污染源。污染源应当位于大气粉尘、细菌浓度低、无有害气体和自然环境良好的地区。
  1. There are no livestock farms, slaughterhouses, livestock and poultry trading places, hospital garbage disposal sites, sewage treatment stations, sewage canals and other pollution sources around the plant. Pollution sources should be located in areas with low atmospheric dust, low bacterial concentration, no harmful gases and good natural environment.
  2. 远离矿山、铁路、机场、交通干线、货场等易产生粉尘和有害气体的场所,远离居民区、学校和公共娱乐场所。洁净厂房与主干道之间的距离不得小于50米。
  2. Keep away from places prone to dust and harmful gases, such as mines, railways, airports, trunk lines and freight yards, and from residential areas, schools and public entertainment places. The distance between the clean workshop and the main road shall not be less than 50 meters.
  3.场地更好位于平坦地带或稍倾斜的地方,但不能建在地势较低的地方;
  3. The site should be located in flat or slightly inclined areas, but not in low-lying areas.
  4. 工厂应位于交通便利,水、电、气等市政公用设施齐全的地方。
  4. The factory should be located in a place with convenient transportation and complete municipal utilities such as water, electricity and gas.
  二、水源需求
  II. Water demand
  充足的水源和水质必须符合国家饮用水标准;
  Adequate water sources and quality must meet the national drinking water standards.
  三、通过环境影响评价:
  3. Through environmental impact assessment:
  选址须经环境保护部门批准,并提交环境影响评估报告。
  The site selection shall be approved by the environmental protection department and the environmental impact assessment report shall be submitted.
  车间总体布局设计
  General layout design of workshop
  食品GMP车间布局规划一般遵循三个原则:工艺原则、经济原则、安全和环保原则。基本要求是要有系统的观点,考虑各方面的要求,合理布局精心安排,注重整体效果。
  The layout planning of food GMP workshop generally follows three principles: technological principle, economic principle, safety and environmental protection principle. The basic requirement is to have a systematic viewpoint, to consider all aspects of the requirements, to arrange reasonably and carefully, and to pay attention to the overall effect.
  GMP车间净化公司
  GMP Workshop Purification Company
  1. 过程原则
  1. Process Principles
  车间的整体布局应首先满足生产过程的要求,也就是说,整个车间过程应光滑,从上面的过程较低的过程,运输距离应该短而直,尽量避免迂回和往返运输。
  The overall layout of the workshop should first meet the requirements of the production process, that is to say, the whole workshop process should be smooth, the process from the above should be low, the transportation distance should be short and straight, try to avoid roundabout and round-trip transportation.
  2. 经济原则
  2. Economic Principles
  在满足技术要求的前提下,寻求交通量更小的布局方案,充分利用土地面积。辅助车间和服务部门应围绕基本车间布置。
  On the premise of meeting the technical requirements, we should seek the layout scheme with the smallest traffic volume and make full use of the land area. The auxiliary workshop and service department should be arranged around the basic workshop.
  3.安全及环保
  3. Safety and environmental protection
  车间的整体布置也应有利于安全生产,具备充足的消防安全设施,各生产部门的布置应符合环保要求,并应有三种废弃物处理措施等。车间的布置不仅要方便各生产环节的衔接,还要便于工艺过程的健康控制,防止生产过程中交叉污染的发生。
  The overall layout of the workshop should also be conducive to safe production, with adequate fire safety facilities, the layout of production departments should meet the requirements of environmental protection, and there should be three waste disposal measures. The layout of workshop should not only facilitate the connection of production links, but also facilitate the healthy control of process and prevent the occurrence of cross-contamination in production process.
GMP车间净化公司
  常见的施工方案
  Common construction schemes
  一、地面
  I. Ground
  1. 车间地面应采用防滑、坚固、防水、耐腐蚀的材料,地面应平整、无水、干净。
  1. The floor of the workshop shall be made of anti-skid, strong, waterproof and corrosion-resistant materials. The floor shall be flat, waterless and clean.
  2. 排水设施
  2. Drainage facilities
  食品生产车间的坡度应在6-10度之间,以便排水。车间外的明渠需要保护。地面排水两种,排水沟排水和明沟排水。
  The slope of the food workshop should be between 6 and 10 degrees for drainage. Open canals outside the workshop need to be protected. There are two kinds of surface drainage, drainage ditch drainage and open drainage.
  采用地漏时,地漏周围地面坡度约为6度
  When using floor drain, the slope around the floor drain is about 6 degrees.
  直径约为100mm,可以在半径为12m的地漏周围从地面收集水。
  The diameter is about 100 mm, and water can be collected from the ground around the leakage with a radius of 12 M.
  地漏、排水管用弯头连接,并配备水封装置,防止昆虫、老鼠、异味从排水管进入车间。将排水管与干净的排渣口连接,防止管道堵塞。
  The floor drain and drain pipe are connected by elbows and equipped with water encapsulation device to prevent insects, rats and odors from entering the workshop from the drain pipe. Connect the drain pipe with a clean slag discharge port to prevent pipeline blockage.
  第二,渠道
  Second, channels
  墙壁、屋顶和天花板
  Wall, roof and ceiling
  车间墙面宜采用防腐、易清洗消毒、牢固、不透水的材料,至少墙面是无毒、防水、防霉、不易脱落、可清洗的材料。车间角、底角、顶角呈弧形。
  Workshop walls should be made of anti-corrosion, easy cleaning and disinfection, solid and impermeable materials. At least the walls are non-toxic, waterproof, mildew-proof, not easy to fall off and clean materials. The workshop angle, bottom angle and top angle are curved.
  顶棚高度应大于2.4米,蒸煮室蒸发量应大于5米。屋顶不积水,不渗漏,天花板表面光洁,材料涂层,不吸水,耐腐蚀,耐温度,浅色besmeted或装修,有适当的斜率同时,以免凝结水滴,滋生害虫和模具、便于清洗刷子,消毒。
  The ceiling height should be greater than 2.4 meters and the evaporation in the cooking room should be greater than 5 meters. The roof does not accumulate water, does not leak, the ceiling surface is smooth, the material coating, does not absorb water, corrosion resistance, temperature resistance, light color besmeted or decoration, with appropriate slope at the same time, in order to avoid condensation droplets, breeding pests and molds, easy to clean brushes, disinfection.
  GMP车间净化公司
  GMP Workshop Purification Company
  四、门窗
  IV. Doors and Windows
  窗台距地面1米以上,内倾角45°。生产车间更好有两扇以上的门作为人员、货物和机械的出入口。门、窗、天窗要紧固,不要变形。门窗不得与相邻车间的排气口正对或相邻。它们不应该放在垃圾堆或厕所的对面。
  The windowsill is more than 1 meter away from the ground with an inclination angle of 45 degrees. The production workshop should have more than two doors as the entrance and exit of personnel, goods and machinery. Doors, windows and skylights should be tightened and not deformed. Doors and windows shall not be directly opposite or adjacent to the exhaust ports of adjacent workshops. They should not be placed opposite the garbage dump or toilet.
  五、消毒、洗涤、卫生设施
  5. Disinfection, washing and sanitation facilities
  1. 进入生产车间前,应设置好换鞋、换衣服、清洗等程序。鞋凳设置在鞋室内,方便换鞋。进入车间时应穿专用鞋。更衣室可以在鞋与鞋之间设置一个相通的地方,类似于卫生间。
  1. Before entering the production workshop, procedures such as shoes changing, clothes changing and cleaning should be set up. The footstool is arranged in the shoe room, which is convenient for changing shoes. Special shoes should be worn when entering the workshop. The dressing room can set up a common place between shoes, similar to the bathroom.
  2. 一般进入生产车间前应设置一间洗手间,配备洗手、消毒、烘干等设备。洗手盆宜选用不锈钢、大理石或瓷砖等不渗水的材料贴面作为面板,其设计和施工应不易掩盖污垢和污垢,并便于清洁消毒。水龙头宜采用踏板式、肘动式或感应式等非手动式开关。建议使用温水系统清洗手部,冬季可提供42℃热水。
  2. Before entering the production workshop, a bathroom should be set up, equipped with hand washing, disinfection, drying and other equipment. The washbasin should be made of stainless steel, marble or ceramic tile with impermeable material veneer as its face plate. Its design and construction should not easily cover up dirt and dirt, and be easy to clean and disinfect. The tap should adopt pedal type, elbow type or induction type non-manual switch. It is recommended to use warm water system to clean hands. Hot water at 42 C can be provided in winter.
  3、在车间适当位置,设置工具设备清洗、消毒室,配置工具设备清洗、消毒槽和冲洗槽,必要时,有冷热水供应,热水温度不应低于82℃。
  3. Set up a cleaning and disinfection room for tools and equipment in the proper place of the workshop, and equip the cleaning and disinfection troughs and flushing troughs for tools and equipment. If necessary, cold and hot water should be supplied, and the temperature of hot water should not be lower than 82 degrees Celsius.
  4. 车间出口及与外界相连的排水通风处均设有防鼠、防蝇、防虫设施。
  4. The outlet of the workshop and the drainage and ventilation places connected with the outside world are equipped with anti-rat, anti-fly and anti-insect facilities.
  为了防止交叉污染,食品车间的通道应尽量将人流与物流分开,从原料加工到成品储存,物流的通道应在一条生产线上。通道内不得堆放食品、原辅材料及杂物,避免在地面以下有地面水池,以免积水积尘。
  In order to prevent cross-contamination, the passageway of food workshop should try to separate the flow of people from logistics, from raw material processing to finished product storage, and the passageway of logistics should be on a production line. Food, raw and auxiliary materials and sundries should not be piled up in the passageway. Ground water pools should be avoided below the ground to avoid water and dust accumulation.
  以上是GMP车间净化公司为大家整理的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.henganjh.com
  The above is the related content of GMP workshop purification company. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.henganjh.com.

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