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层流手术室净化,拥有世界比较洁净空气的地方

来源:http://www.henganjh.cn │ 发表时间:2019-07-12 

  世界上比较干净的空气在哪里?是在西藏唐古拉山口的神圣山峰上,还是在毛里求斯郁郁葱葱的沙滩上?阿尔卑斯山的冰川,还是爱沙尼亚的湿地?不,这些都比不上我们今天讨论的层流手术室。
  Where is the cleanest air in the world? On the sacred peak of Tanggula Pass in Tibet, or on the lush beach in Mauritius? The glaciers in the Alps, or the wetlands in Estonia? No, these are not as good as the laminar operating room we are discussing today.
  层流——空中指挥系统
  Laminar Flow-Air Command System
  层流净化,是指以一定的速度向一定的方向流动的空气,是一种先进的实现空气净化和创造洁净操作空间的设备,是目前安全、有效、经济、方便的空气消毒手段。我们普通的室内空气运动不规律,细菌和一些致病微生物也在这个空间里自由漂浮。但是有了层流,我们就可以控制空气的方向,去除空气中的细菌。
  Laminar flow purification refers to the air flowing in a certain direction at a certain speed. It is an advanced equipment to achieve air purification and create clean operating space. It is a safe, effective, economical and convenient means of air disinfection at present. Our ordinary indoor air movement is irregular, bacteria and some pathogenic microorganisms also float freely in this space. But with laminar flow, we can control the direction of the air and remove the bacteria in the air.
  层流手术室净化
  Laminar Flow Operation Room Purification
  层流手术室采用过滤器净化,以线性方式进入手术室,以相同速度通过手术空间后流出。手术室内的粉尘颗粒和病原微生物随气流方向排出,不会在室内传播。层流手术室就是以这种设计命名的。
  Laminar flow operating room is purified by high efficiency filter, which enters the operating room in a linear way and flows out after passing through the operating space at the same speed. Dust particles and pathogenic microorganisms in the operating room are discharged in the direction of airflow and will not spread indoors. Laminar flow operating room is named after this design.
  层流手术室诞生
  Laminar Flow Operating Room Birth
  在19世纪上半叶,伤口感染的频繁发生导致手术中出现大量并发症,导致了曾经成功治疗的灾难性后果。一旦手术后发生感染,将会造成严重的后果。为了避免类似的情况,许多医院不得不加强对病人使用抗生素。这种方法对病人危害很大。因此,手术各方面的无菌要求越来越受到各医院的重视。
层流手术室净化
  In the first half of the nineteenth century, the frequent occurrence of wound infections led to a large number of complications in surgery, leading to catastrophic consequences of successful treatment. Once infection occurs after operation, it will cause serious consequences. In order to avoid similar situation, many hospitals have to strengthen the use of antibiotics for patients. This method does great harm to patients. Therefore, more and more hospitals pay attention to the sterility requirements in all aspects of surgery.
  为了解决这个问题,英国著名外科医生Joseph Lister(1827 ~ 1912)开始将消毒系统引入医院,有效降低了感染的并发症,大大降低了术后死亡率。为了进一步降低手术感染率,蒸汽消毒、橡胶手套等相继应用于外科手术、手术室,从消毒细菌预防时代进入无菌时代。
  To solve this problem, Joseph Lister (1827 - 1912), a famous British surgeon, began to introduce disinfection system into hospitals, which effectively reduced the complications of infection and greatly reduced the mortality rate after operation. In order to further reduce the surgical infection rate, steam disinfection and rubber gloves have been applied in surgical operations and operating rooms, from the era of disinfection bacteria prevention to the era of sterility.
  层流手术室净化
  Laminar Flow Operation Room Purification
  随着医学的发展,这样的手术环境远远不能满足外科技术发展的需要。大面积烧伤手术、颅脑手术、眼科手术、肺部手术、纵隔手术等高难度手术必须在超清洁的环境中进行,将感染率降到比较低。树立严格的无菌观念,重视无菌操作,预防手术感染是手术成功的重要保证。直到层流手术室的出现,它已经成为手术室发展的一场重大革命,将手术成功率提高到了一个新的水平。
  With the development of medicine, such a surgical environment is far from meeting the needs of the development of surgical technology. Large area burn surgery, craniocerebral surgery, ophthalmic surgery, lung surgery, mediastinal surgery and other difficult operations must be carried out in ultra-clean environment, to minimize the infection rate. Establishing strict aseptic concept, paying attention to aseptic operation and preventing surgical infection are the important guarantee for successful operation. Until the emergence of laminar flow operating room, it has become a major revolution in the development of operating room, which has raised the success rate of surgery to a new level.
  层流手术室净化
  Laminar Flow Operation Room Purification
  层流手术室的特点是什么?
  What are the characteristics of laminar flow operating room?
  1. 严格的净化
  1. Strict Purification
  手术室空气净化系统在墙面四角、净化单元、天花板、走廊、新风机、排风机安装不同级别的过滤器,定期清洗、维护、更换,严格保证室内空气无菌。此外,层流手术室的卫生管理除了日常清洁工作就像过去一样,不能放松,也有特殊要求的室内清洁,让他们无处藏身,避免死角,和室内不需要用物理或化学方法进行消毒,这样已经节省劳动力和防止污染进入。
  Operating room air purification system installs filters of different levels in four corners of the wall, purification unit, ceiling, corridor, fresh air fan and exhaust fan, and regularly cleans, maintains and replaces them to strictly ensure indoor air sterility. In addition, the hygiene management of laminar flow operating room can not relax except the daily cleaning work as in the past. There are also special requirements for indoor cleaning, so that they have no place to hide, avoid dead corners, and indoor disinfection by physical or chemical methods is not necessary, which has saved labor and prevented pollution from entering.
  2. 正压通风
  2. Positive Pressure Ventilation
  层流手术室不仅要求空气高度洁净(空气进入手术室前,必须获得过滤器净化),而且要控制气流方向(即气流方向)。,采用层流超清洁设备)、手术室环境形成正压,使气流从spotlessness操作区域面积清洁很低,一个小,薄层空气,以均匀的速度在同一个方向,带走和放电的尘埃颗粒流(粉尘)和细菌。
  Laminar flow operating room requires not only highly clean air (before air enters the operating room, it must be purified by high efficiency filter), but also control the direction of air flow (that is, the direction of air flow). With laminar super-clean equipment and positive pressure in operating room environment, the airflow from spotlessness operating area is cleaned very low. A small, thin layer of air can take away and discharge dust particles (dust) and bacteria in the same direction at a uniform speed.
  当然,层流手术室也有高低之分,根据空气的清洁度,分为100级、1000级、10000级。但悄悄地告诉你,100级手术室的清洁度比1万级手术室要好。在下一期《大众科学》中,我们将详细介绍100级手术室,这是世界上比较干净的空气。
  Of course, laminar flow operating room also has high and low, according to the cleanliness of the air, divided into 100, 1000, 10000 levels. But to tell you quietly, the cleanliness of Class 100 operating room is better than that of Class 10,000 operating room. In the next issue of Popular Science, we will introduce in detail the Class 100 operating room, which is the cleanest air in the world.
  以上是层流手术室净化小编为大家整理的内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.henganjh.cn
  These are the contents of Laminar Flow Operating Room Purification. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.henganjh.cn.

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