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层流手术室净化设计设备

来源:http://www.henganjh.cn │ 发表时间:2019-07-08 

  (一)手术室设计
  (1) Operating room design
  它位于建筑物的较高部分,以保持空气清洁和防止医院感染。合理划分三个区域:非禁区、半禁区、禁区。应该有三个通道:工作人员通道、病人通道和污水出口通道。材料应防火、防潮、不易上色、具有易清洗等性能的材料为宜。应设计现代化手术室:空气净化装置、中央供氧装置、中央吸引装置等。
  It is located in the higher part of the building to keep the air clean and prevent hospital infection. Reasonable division of three areas: non-prohibited zone, semi-prohibited zone and prohibited zone. There should be three channels: staff channel, patient channel and sewage outlet channel. Material should be fire-proof, moisture-proof, not easy to color, easy to clean and other properties of the material is appropriate. Modern operating rooms should be designed: air purification device, central oxygen supply device, central suction device, etc.
       层流手术室净化
  (2)手术室设备
  (2) Operating room equipment
  除普通手术室常规设备外,还应配备闭路电视、空调、先进的电动刀(进口),为保证手术不受意外断电影响,医院应配备发电设施。不要使手术室地板污染,比较好使用换车等现代化手推车。
  In addition to the conventional equipment in the general operating room, the hospital should also be equipped with closed circuit television, air conditioning and advanced electric knife (imported). In order to ensure that the operation is not affected by accidental power failure, the hospital should be equipped with power generation facilities. Don't pollute the floor of the operating room. It's better to use modern trolleys such as changing cars.
层流手术室净化
  (三)手术室布局
  (3) Layout of operating rooms
  应力求简洁、柜体应用耐湿、坚固材料制成,以便清洁。所有物品应固定、整齐,力求统一、规范。
  The cabinet body should be made of moisture-resistant and strong materials for cleaning. All articles should be fixed and tidy, and strive to be unified and standardized.
  手术室人员配备和医院病床
  Operating room staffing and hospital beds
  教学医院手术室护士与手术床的比例应为2.5:1和3:1。手术台设置为:手术台1张,手术台50张为宜,医务人员0.5:1为宜。有1 ~ 2名护士长。
  The proportion of nurses in operating room and operating bed in teaching hospital should be 2.5:1 and 3:1. Operating table is set as follows: one operating table, 50 operating tables and 0.5:1 medical staff. There are 1 to 2 head nurses.
       层流手术室净化
  二、手术室的规章制度
  King III. Rules and Regulations of Operating Room
  手术室是外科医生、麻醉师和手术室人员共同工作的地方。员工流动很大。为了保证工作的有序进行,不仅每一个操作都有一定的规则,而且也有一定的工作制度,可以使各个部门的操作顺利完成。
  Operating rooms are places where surgeons, anesthesiologists and operating room staff work together. Employee turnover is high. In order to ensure the orderly operation of the work, not only every operation has certain rules, but also a certain working system, which can make the operation of various departments complete smoothly.
  (1)普通手术室系统
  (1) General operating room system
  1. 所有进入手术室的工作人员必须穿鞋、戴帽子、穿衣服、戴口罩。离开手术室时,他们应该换掉衣服和鞋子。
  1. All staff entering the operating room must wear shoes, hats, clothes and masks. When they leave the operating room, they should change their clothes and shoes.
  2. 在医院外参观、学习、实习的,应当经医学教育部门或者护理部批准,并有固定的场所。
  2. Visits, studies and internships outside hospitals shall be approved by the medical education department or the Ministry of Nursing, and there shall be fixed places.
  3.择期手术应于手术前一日上午十时三十分前发出手术通知。急诊抢救手术应先给予口头通知,然后填写手术通知。
  3. Operative notice should be given before 10.30 a.m. on the day before the operation. Emergency rescue surgery should be given oral notification, and then fill in the operation notification.
  4. 操作应当按照操作通知的时间进行,操作通知必须按时到位,不得随意更改。特殊情况请与护士联系。
  4. The operation shall be carried out according to the time of operation notification. The operation notification shall be in place on time and shall not be changed at will. In special cases, please contact the nurse.
  5. 术前30分钟抱起患者,带病历,详细检查患者姓名、性别、年龄、床号、诊断、手术部位、药物敏感性试验、术前用药情况。患者进入手术室后,巡回护士应再次检查,注意患者手术部位的清洁范围,首饰、假牙、手表等不得带入手术室。
  5. Pick up the patient 30 minutes before the operation, with the medical record, and examine the patient's name, sex, age, bed number, diagnosis, surgical site, drug sensitivity test and preoperative medication in detail. After the patient enters the operating room, the itinerant nurse should check again, pay attention to the cleaning range of the patient's operating site, jewelry, dentures, watches and so on should not be brought into the operating room.
  6. 严格的无菌技术。无菌操作和无菌操作应在不同的房间进行,特殊感染应进行特殊的消毒灭菌。
  6. Strict aseptic technology. Sterile operation and sterile operation should be carried out in different rooms, special infection should be carried out special disinfection and sterilization.
  7. 在室内保持严肃和安静。不要大声说话。
  7. Keep serious and quiet indoors. Don't speak loud.
  8. 严格执行室内卫生处理、隔离消毒检测制度,落实医疗安全防范措施。
  8. Strictly implement the system of indoor hygiene treatment, isolation, disinfection and detection, and implement medical safety precautions.
  9. 手术室应始终配备各种应急操作包和救援设备。操作设备不得外借
  9. Operating rooms should always be equipped with emergency operation kits and rescue equipment. Operating equipment shall not be lent out
  10. 手术室器械应在清洁的基础上进行消毒。各种医疗器械和材料应放置在固定的位置。麻醉剧毒的迹象明显,由专人保管。普通药品每天清点记录,每月检查一次。
  10. Operating room instruments should be disinfected on the basis of cleanliness. All kinds of medical devices and materials should be placed in a fixed position. Signs of severe narcotic poisoning are evident and are kept by special persons. Common medicines are checked daily and checked monthly.
  11. 负责保存和提交手术过程中采集的标本,请医生及时填写病理标本并提交检查表,进行检查登记,并监督及时提交检查。
  11. Be responsible for preserving and submitting the specimens collected during the operation. Ask the doctor to fill in the pathological specimens in time and submit the examination form for examination and registration, and supervise the timely submission of examination.
  以上是层流手术室净化为大家整理的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.henganjh.cn
  These are the related contents of laminar flow operating room purification for you. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.henganjh.cn.

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