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层流手术室净化感染预防管理应该怎么做?

来源:http://www.henganjh.cn │ 发表时间:2019-06-24 

  层流手术室净化环境和避免感染管理研讨,如今经济的开展,医疗行业的开展,必定我们越来越高的请求,层流手术室空气清洁技术采用空间环境控制,以确保契合请求的空气清洁,并坚持恰当的温度,湿度,确保新颖,洁净,空间环境温馨,手术细菌数低。层流手术室是医院常见的医疗设备之一,因而层流手术室的日常管理逐步遭到人们的关注。
  Discussions on cleaning environment and avoiding infection management in laminar flow operating room, with the development of economy and medical industry, we are bound to have higher and higher requests. The laminar flow operating room air cleaning technology adopts space environment control to ensure that the required air is clean, and adheres to appropriate temperature and humidity to ensure novelty, cleanliness, warm space environment and low number of surgical bacteria. Laminar flow operating room is one of the common medical equipments in hospitals, so the daily management of laminar flow operating room has gradually attracted people's attention.
  层流手术室净化
  Laminar Flow Operation Room Purification
  1. 手术室环境管理
  1. Environmental Management of Operating Room
  医护人员及手术室内外的各种物品是影响空气清洁度的重要要素,因而做好环境管理工作非常重要。
  Medical staff and various articles inside and outside the operating room are important factors affecting air cleanliness, so it is very important to do a good job in environmental management.
  首先,医务人员必需戴无粉手套,制止携带个人物品进动手术室。此外,在层流手术室,医务人员不得折叠各种布和敷料。
  First of all, medical staff must wear powder-free gloves to prevent carrying personal belongings into the operating room. In addition, in the laminar flow operating room, medical personnel are not allowed to fold various cloth and dressings.
  其次,严厉辨别清洁流线和非清洁流线。普通来说,医护人员、患者及各类清洁用品的供给渠道是清洁流线。但术后器械、敷料、渣滓等物品的出口流线不洁净。
  Secondly, we should strictly distinguish clean streamlines from non-clean streamlines. Generally speaking, the supply channels of medical staff, patients and various cleaning products are clean streamlines. However, the outlet streamline of instruments, dressings, dregs and other articles after operation is unclean.
  第三,尽量保证人流与物流的隔离,防止穿插感染,从而保证层流手术室空气的干净程度。此外,层流手术室应依据手术的详细特性分为无菌手术室、急诊手术室、感染手术室等,进一步保证手术室的清洁。
  Thirdly, we should try our best to ensure the isolation between the flow of people and the flow of goods, and prevent the interpenetrating infection, so as to ensure the cleanliness of air in laminar flow operating room. In addition, laminar flow operating room should be divided into aseptic operating room, emergency operating room and infection operating room according to the detailed characteristics of operation, so as to further ensure the cleanliness of the operating room.
层流手术室净化
  层流手术室净化
  Laminar Flow Operation Room Purification
  2. 预防和管理感染
  2. Prevention and management of infection
  首先,仪器应该用湿布擦拭洁净,并在进动手术室前组装好。
  First, the instrument should be wiped clean with a wet cloth and assembled before entering the operating room.
  第二,各种污染物应在运转后立刻处置,各种渣滓应按规则处置,并从特殊渠道运输。然后擦拭各种仪器,清洁手术室,防止空气污染。
  Secondly, all kinds of pollutants should be disposed of immediately after operation, and all kinds of dregs should be disposed of in accordance with the rules and transported through special channels. Then wipe all kinds of instruments and clean the operating room to prevent air pollution.
  第三,手术后,一切人员分开,清洁工作完成后,手术室净化空调系统继续运转,15 ~ 20分钟后关闭空调。
  Thirdly, after the operation, all personnel are separated. After the cleaning work is completed, the air-conditioning system of the operating room will continue to operate, and the air-conditioning will be closed after 15 to 20 minutes.
  四、手术前后,每天用消毒剂擦拭无影灯、器械车、麻醉台、手术台、壁柜等外表及空中一次。清洁和消毒工人穿的隔离鞋。每周彻底擦拭、清洁及颐养上述设备及空中一次。
  Fourth, before and after the operation, wipe the shadowless lamp, instrument vehicle, anesthesia table, operating table, wall cabinet and other outward appearance and air once a day with disinfectant. Separation shoes worn by cleaning and disinfection workers. Weekly thorough wiping, cleaning and taking care of the above equipment and air once.
  以上是对层流手术室净化环境管理净化与感染预防管理的研讨。手术室净化工程的成败关系到层流手术室的正常运用,而手术室的管理又是保证手术室正常运用和平安运转的关键。因而,医疗机构要制定严厉的规章制度,认真实行职责,做好手术室的日常管理工作。
  Above is a discussion on the management of clean environment and infection prevention in laminar flow operating room. The success or failure of the cleaning project in the operating room is related to the normal operation of laminar flow operating room, and the management of the operating room is the key to ensure the normal operation and safe operation of the operating room. Therefore, medical institutions should formulate strict rules and regulations, conscientiously carry out their duties, and do a good job in the daily management of operating rooms.

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