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层流手术室净化为什么是医院不可缺少的?

来源:http://www.henganjh.cn │ 发表时间:2020-01-16 

手术室是一个重要的地方医院对患者进行手术治疗。手术的质量往往反映了医院的治疗水平。
  Operating room is an important local hospital for patients with surgical treatment. The quality of surgery often reflects the level of treatment in hospitals.
  手术成功的重要保证是树立严格的无菌观念,注重手术的无菌技术,防止手术感染。一旦手术后发生感染,就会有后果。为了避免类似情况的发生,许多医院不得不增加抗生素的用量。这种方法对病人有害。因此,手术中各个环节的无菌控制越来越受到各医院的重视。手术室污染源及污染途径
  The important guarantee of successful operation is to set up strict aseptic concept, pay attention to aseptic technology of operation and prevent infection of operation. Once infection occurs after surgery, there will be consequences. In order to avoid the similar situation, many hospitals have to increase the amount of antibiotics. This method is harmful to patients. Therefore, more and more attention has been paid to the asepsis control of each link in the operation. Pollution sources and ways in operating room
  手术室污染源主要有外部污染源和内部污染源:
  The pollution sources of operating room mainly include external pollution sources and internal pollution sources:
层流手术室净化
  1. 外部污染源是送至手术室的新鲜空气。据统计,室外空气中的细菌和微生物数量约为1-1000 / ft. 3,这些细菌和微生物大部分附着在尘粒上,各地污染程度不一。
  1. The external pollution source is the fresh air sent to the operating room. According to statistics, the number of bacteria and microorganisms in the outdoor air is about 1-1000 / ft. 3. Most of these bacteria and microorganisms are attached to the dust particles, and the pollution degree varies from place to place.
  2. 洁净手术室的污染源主要是医生和护士、病人、手术过程中的细菌和灰尘。
  2. The pollution sources of clean operating room are mainly bacteria and dust in doctors, nurses, patients and operation process.
  的内部污染源是外科医生、麻醉师和护士,他们在衣服、皮肤和呼吸中产生大量的灰尘和细菌。产生的灰尘和细菌的数量与他们的着装、运动的强度和频率、医生的技能、消毒的程度和整体管理水平有关。因此,进入手术室的医务人员除了穿内衣外,一律更换手术室专用的衣服、帽子、口罩和鞋子。
  The biggest sources of internal pollution are surgeons, anesthesiologists and nurses, who produce large amounts of dust and bacteria in clothing, skin and breathing. The amount of dust and bacteria produced is related to their clothing, intensity and frequency of exercise, skills of doctors, degree of disinfection and overall management level. Therefore, in addition to wearing underwear, all the medical personnel entering the operating room shall change their special clothes, hats, masks and shoes.
  帽子应该完全盖住头发,尽量减少暴露的皮肤。手术要轻,手术器械的传递要平稳准确。
  The hat should cover the hair completely and minimize exposed skin. The operation should be light and the transmission of surgical instruments should be stable and accurate.
  以上就是层流手术室净化对医院的重要性的详细介绍,想要了解更多,欢迎官网http://www.henganjh.cn
  The above is a detailed introduction of the importance of laminar flow operating room purification to the hospital. To learn more, welcome to the official website http://www.henganjh.cn

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